react-static

前端 框架
基于 React 的渐进式静态网站开发框架
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React Static

A progressive static-site framework for React.

Read the introduction article on Medium

At Nozzle.io, we take SEO, site performance, and user/developer experience very seriously. We’ve launched many sites using different static site tools that claim to solve these goals, but we have yet to find one that satisfies our requirements completely. React-Static is the framework we carefully designed to meet those standards and help everyone build next generation, high-performance websites for the internet.

Features

  • React. Enough said.
  • Blazing fast performance.
  • Data Agnostic. Feed your site data from anywhere, however you want.
  • Built for SEO, by SEO professionals
  • React-first developer experience
  • Painless project setup & migration
  • Supports 99.9% of the React ecosystem. Including CSS-in-JS libraries, custom Query layers like GraphQL, and even Redux!
  • Aggressive and flexible reloading.

Lifecycle Overview



Sponsor

Documentation

These docs are for version 1.x.x

Quick Start

$ yarn global add react-static
# or npm install -g react-static

$ react-static create my-static-site

Installation

$ yarn add react-static
# or
$ npm install react-static --save

CLI

react-static create

Creates a new react-static project.

  • Prompts for a project name/location
  • Prompts to select one of the templates located in this repository's examples/ directory.

react-static start

Starts the development server.

react-static build

Builds your site for production. Outputs to a dist directory in your project.

Project Setup

react-static needs a few directories and files in the right places to function properly:

  • static.config.js - A javascript configuration file for react-static. Click here to see an example
  • public/ - Anything in this directory will be merged into your static dist directory. All files in this directory can be accessed at the root of your site.
  • src/ - a place for all of your code
    • index.js - the main entry for your app. This file should export your app as its default export and also handle the rendering of the app when using the development server. Click here to see an example.

Configuration (static.config.js)

A static.config.js file is required at your project root to configure react-static. It must export a default object with the following interface:

export default {
  // getRoutes is the only required method for the entire config.
  // It is an asynchronous function that should
  // resolve an array of route objects. It is also passed a `dev`
  // boolean indicating whether this is a production build or not.
  getRoutes: async ({dev}) => [{
    path: '/' // A route object only requires a `path` string
  }, {
    path: '/blog',
    children: [{ // It can also contained nested routes
      path: '/post-1',
      getProps: async ({route, dev}) => ({
        post: {...},
        otherProp: {...}
      })
      // getProps is a n asynchronous function that is passed the
      // resolved `route` object and a `dev` boolean indicating
      // whether this is a production build or not. This function
      // should resolve any data the route needs to render eg. blog
      // posts, API data, etc.

      noindex: false, // Optional. Defaults to `false`. If `true`, will exclude this route from the sitemap XML
      permalink: '', // Optional. If not set, will default to (siteRoot + path)
      changeFreq: 60000, // Optional.
      lastModified: '', // Optional. String('YYYY-MM-DD')
      priority: 0.5 // Optional.
    }],
  }],

  siteRoot: 'https://mysite.com', // Optional, but necessary for the sitemap.xml

  // An optional custom React component that renders the base
  // Html for every page, including the dev server. Must utilize the
  // `Html`, `Head`, `Body` and `children` for react-static to work. The optional
  // `staticMeta` prop refers to any data you potentially returned from
  // the `preRenderMeta` and `postRenderMeta` function.
  Html: ({ Html, Head, Body, children, staticMeta }) => (
    <Html lang="en-US">
      <Head>
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
      </Head>
      <Body>{children}</Body>
    </Html>
  ),

  // An optional callback, used to modify the webpack config for both dev
  // and production. The function you provide will be passed an instance of
  // webpack-configurator (see https://github.com/lewie9021/webpack-configurator
  // for more information), and an object containing a `dev` boolean, denoting
  // whether you are in development or production mode.
  webpack: (webpackConfigurator, { dev }) => {...},

  // The entry location for your app, defaulting to `./src/index.js`
  // This file must export the JSX of your app as the default export,
  // eg. `default export <MyApp />`.
  // It also handles the rendering of your app while in development mode
  // (including hot reloading). For a brief example, see the Project
  // Setup section above.
  entry: './src/index.js',

  // An optional asynchronous function that is pass the JSX component
  // BEFORE it is rendered to a static string. It can return a javascript
  // object that will be made available to a custom Html component
  preRenderMeta: async JSX => {...},

  // An optional asynchronous function that is passed the statically
  // rendered HTML for each page and returns a javascript object
  // that will be made available to a custom Html component
  postRenderMeta: async staticHTML => {...},

  // Optional. Set to true to serve the bundle analyzer on a production build.
  bundleAnalyzer: false,
}

Components & Tools

<Router />

The Router component is react-static's special version of React-Router's Router component. It is to be used in conjunction with other React Router components. By using react-static's Router at the base of your app, you won't have to worry about switching between static routing and browser routing. It accepts a history object like you're used to (to support things like react-router-redux), and also provides a helper method to subscribe to loading events.

Example:

import { Router } from 'react-static'
import { Switch, Route } from 'react-router'

import Home from './containers/Home'
import About from './containers/About'
import Blog from './containers/Blog'

export default () => (
  <Router>
    <Switch>
      <Route exact path="/" component={Home} />
      <Route path="/about" component={About} />
      <Route path="/blog" component={Blog} />
      <Redirect to="/" />
    </Switch>
  </Router>
)

To Subscribe to Router loading events, use Router.subscribe(callback). The subscribe callback will fire whenever the loading state changes.

Example:

import { Router } from 'react-static'

Router.subscribe(loading => {
  if (loading) {
    console.log('A page is loading!')
  } else {
    console.log('A page is done loading!')
  }
})

Routing Components

react-static also provides you with all other necessary routing components and utils via react-router.

These include:

  • <Link>
  • <NavLink>
  • <Prompt>
  • <Redirect>
  • <Route>
  • <Switch>
  • history
  • matchPath
  • withRouter

To learn how these react-router components work, visit React-Router-Web's documentation

getRouteProps(Component)

getRouteProps is an HOC that provides a component with the results of the current route's getProps function as defined in your static.config.js. Here is a simple example:

static.config.js

module.exports = {
  getRoutes: () => [{
    path: '/top-100-songs',
    getProps: async () => ({
      songs: await SpotifyAPI.getTopSongs(100)
    })
  }]
}

App.js


const TopHundredSongsPage = getRouteProps(({songs}) =>
  <ul>
    {songs.map(song => <li key={song}>{song}</li>)}
  </ul>
)

...
<Route exact path="/top-100-songs" component={TopHundredSongsPage} />
...

<Head />

Head is a react component for managing tags in the document's head. Use it to update meta tags, title tags, etc.

  • It can be used anywhere in your app.
  • If called more than once on a route, it will append and merge them together (and overwrite some tags with the latest tag used).
  • For more information, see the React-Helmet library that react-static uses to accomplish this.

Example:

import { Head } from 'react-static'

export () => (
  <div>
    <Head>
      <title>This is my page title!</title>
    </Head>
    <div>
      My page content...
    </div>
  </div>
)

<Prefetch path=''/>

Prefetch is a react component that accepts a path prop and an optional single child to render. When this component is rendered, any data resolved by the path's corresponding getProps function will be prefetched. This ensures that if the user then navigates to that route in your site, they do not have to wait for the required data to load.

  • If the path doesn't match a route, no data will be loaded.
  • If the route has already been loaded in the session, the cache will be used instead.
  • If multiple instances of the same path are prefetched at the same time, only a single request will be made for all instances.
  • If used more often than needed, this component could result in fetching a lot of unused data. Be smart about what you prefetch.

Example:

import { Prefetch } from 'react-static'
import { Link } from 'react-router-dom'

// Standalone
<Prefetch path='/blog' />

// With children
<Prefetch path='/blog'>
  <Link to='/blog'>
    Go to blog
  </Prefetch>
</Prefetch>

prefetch(path)

prefetch is an imperative version of the Prefetch component that you can use anywhere in your code.

Example:

import { prefetch } from 'react-static'

const myFunc = async => {  
  const data = await prefetch('/blog')
  console.log('The preloaded data:', data)
}

Contributing

We are always looking for people to help us grow react-static's capabilities and examples. If you have an issue, feature request, or pull request, let us know!

License

React Static uses the MIT license. For mor information on this license, click here.

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